In 1873, when Dvořák's music was beginning to attract attention, the Czech composer wrote a String Quartet in F minor for a Prague ensemble. The musicians weren't satisfied with the work's style and refused to play it. Dvořák, therefore, withdrew the quartet from his catalogue. The work was only published in 1929, a year before its first performance in public. Four years after the quartet's rejection, Dvořák decided to transcribe the slow movement as a Romance for violin and piano. He also produced an orchestral version which was premiered in Prague in December 1877. The piece is built on the main motive of the quartet's movement, to which Dvořák added a generous introduction. He also extensively developed the secondary themes and coloured the orchestral accompaniment to highlight the wind instruments. Despite being only a miniature, this Romance is one of Dvořák's most beautiful melodic achievements.