Nine years separate the first of Schumann's four symphonies - composed in 1841 shortly after the composer's marriage - and the final "Rhenisch" symphony (1850), which is wrongly referred to as Symphony No. 3. The Symphony Op. 61 (1845) is actually the last symphony Schumann composed. In his correspondence, Schumann acknowledged the fact that he wrote the work at a time when he was suffering from the first signs of his mental illness. Dedicated to Oscar I, King of Sweden, the Symphony No. 2 was premiered on 5th November 1846 in Leipzig, with Mendelssohn conducting the Gewandhaus Orchestra. This Symphony in C major is a testimony of self-conquest and delivers a feeling of hard-won affirmation and triumph. The composer later wrote to a musical colleague: "Only in the final movement did I begin to feel my old self again, but it was after I had completed the whole work that I really felt any better. Otherwise, as I say, it reminds me of a black period." The second part of the last movement picks up the brass theme already presented in the initial Allegro and which appears several times in the course the symphony, like a solemn landmark. The Scherzo is interrupted by two trios, the first graceful and carefree, the second more lyrical, with an almost chamber music character. The Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet described the melancholic Adagio in C minor as "one of the most beautiful melodies ever written by a symphonist".