Shortly before celebrating his twentieth birthday, Schubert went through a depressive phase owing to the lack of opportunities he seemed to be then facing. Is this the reason that inspired him to call (at a later date) his Fourth Symphony the "Tragic Symphony"? The C minor key, which Schubert had never before used for an orchestra piece, is that of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 and the Coriolan Overture, which Schubert knew since 1809. An association with the idea of "destiny" and "heroic confrontation" led Schubert to choose the title of his symphony, which is in fact by no means tragic. The instrumentation, however, differs from Schubert's earlier symphonies: in his C minor Symphony, the composer has used four, rather than two horns, thus giving more weight to the orchestration that appears broader and more intensive than in past works. Schubert's 4th Symphony seems to justify its title in the first bars of the introduction by adopting a solemn and dark tone, but the initial tension soon vanishes in the Allegro vivace that follows. The Andante creates a typically intimate and lyrical Schubertian atmosphere that already foreshadows the great Schubert symphonies to come. The composer once again designated the robust scherzo that follows as a "Minuet". The final movement briefly returns to the dramatic opening mood before leading the piece to a flamboyant finish. This symphony might have been performed during Schubert's lifetime by a gathering of amateur musicians, but its public premiere did not take place until 1849.