Brahms' only violin concerto is closely related to the composer's friendship with violinist Joseph Joachim, who was already a widely recognised virtuoso when the two met in 1853. Brahms was a late-comer in the field of orchestral music: it wasn’t until 1878 that he set to work on his Violin Concerto, an instrument of which he knew little regarding its technical possibilities. The composer, therefore, appealed to Joachim as his advisor and left it to him to write a cadenza for the concerto's first movement, even though the two musicians each defended their own opinions regarding other points. Performers nowadays usually chose to play Joachim's cadenza, although there are some twenty other versions available, composed by Leopold Auer, Fritz Kreisler or Eugène Ysaÿe, to name just a few. The Concerto in D major was originally planned to be in four movements, but Brahms finally settled for a single Adagio. This central movement is based on a simple almost folk-like tune, whereas the dazzling finale shows off the gipsy spirit that Joachim knew and mastered so well. After the lukewarm applause that greeted the work's premiere on 1st January 1879 in Leipzig, conductor Hans von Bülow decided that Brahms had written his concerto "against" the violin. To which the Polish violinist Bronislaw Huberman answered that it was indeed a concerto "for" the violin, but "against" the orchestra and came to the conclusion that "the winner is the violin". Brahms subsequently made extensive revisions, again with the expert advice of his friend Joachim.