After a first (incomplete) performance of his First Symphony in Kassel in 1885, Mahler completed the work three years later in Leipzig and premiered it on 20 November 1889 in Budapest. However, it was not until 16 March 1896 that the final version of the Symphony in D major was heard in Berlin. Mahler started drafting his "Titan" Symphony while working on the vocal cycle "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen". A connection was immediately established between the songs and the symphony, the latter echoing the vocal work through extensive quotations. Mahler was at that time involved in a love affair with the wife of composer Carl Maria von Weber's grandson. The First Symphony's title has no relation as such with the composer's personal situation, but it does recall a popular novel written by German romantic writer Jean Paul, in which the hero relies on his exceptional inner force to face an adversary world. Mahler denied, however, having been directly inspired by this novel. In its first version, the symphony was in two parts and comprised five movements; an Andante in C major entitled “Bluminekapitel” was placed between the first two movements as they stand in the final version. The four movements that Mahler finally kept follow a traditional classical pattern: an Allegro (preceded by a slow introduction), a Scherzo, then a funeral march for the slow movement and a dramatic Finale. The latter is almost as long as the other three movements put together.