Franz Liszt is one of the leading musical personalities of the 19th century, not only thanks to his abundant production. He also distinguished himself as a pianist, a teacher, an organiser and a defender of social utopia. Liszt developed close relationships with many of the leading composers of his time as well as with numerous great thinkers throughout Europe. Having started his career in Hungary, the musician then spent long periods in several European cities of importance such as Vienna, Paris, Weimar and Rome. At the age of 16, Liszt got to be known as a virtuoso pianist, much as Paganini was an outstanding violinist. In 1842, the musician settled in Weimar as court Kapellmeister and devoted himself to orchestra music. It was here that he composed his symphonic poems, a new orchestral genre of single-movement works that formally refer to an extra-musical plot. Liszt also completed in Weimer the two piano concertos he had previously started, including the one in E-flat major that had already been sketched out in the 1830s. Finished in 1849, the work was premiered in Weimar in 1855 with the composer at the piano and his friend Hector Berlioz on the rostrum.