Artists

Conductor

5 - 9 Nov '19

Tour II
5 - 9 Nov '19

Sir Antonio Pappano

Tour

Concert dates and locations

  • 05 November 2019 | Casino Bern | 19:30
  • 07 November 2019 | Victoria Hall Geneva | 20:00
  • 08 November 2019 | Tonhalle Maag Zurich | 19:30
  • 09 November 2019 | KKL Lucerne | 19:30

Artists

Programme

Overture As a prelude to each concert, talented Swiss singers and instrumentalists will have the opportunity to introduce themselves to the public. This is a twofold "overture", which not only serves as an introduction to the concerts but also as a career gateway for our "our stars of tomorrow”.


Ouverture

Following the triumphant premiere of Der Freischütz in Berlin in 1821, Carl Maria von Weber was commissioned by the director of a Vienna theatre to compose a new opera in a similar style. The composer chose the romantic author Helmina von Chézy to write the libretto for Euryanthe. The premiere in Vienna on 25 October 1823 received a warm welcome, but the work never really became a box-office success, probably because of the libretto's dramatic weaknesses. The work's central themes – chivalric romance, marital fidelity and transfiguration – pave the way for Wagner's later operas. Weber's music also anticipates the Wagnerian style by sketching out the Leitmotiv technique. The three sections of the Euryanthe Overture present the opera's principal motives. The piece begins with a bravura run (March theme), to which responds a superb love motive. The central part is a short Largo, a mystical passage played by muted violins that announces the ghost scene in the first act. The Overture ends with a boisterous fugato that culminates with the bravura fanfare heard at the beginning and which foreshadows the opera's happy end.
Chopin composed and premiered his two piano concertos shortly before leaving Poland to establish himself in France. These works are far more related to the virtuoso style of concerto practised by John Field and Johann Nepomuk Hummel than to the Mozart or Beethoven classical concerto. Chopin's concertos may well fail to stand out as far as the form is concerned. They nevertheless have a subtle and intimate character that surpasses other concertos written at the same time. Regarding his E minor Concerto, Chopin even claimed that the work was "far too original: I will eventually no longer be able to learn it myself!" The work's immediate and everlasting success obviously proved him wrong, even though several generations of performers thought themselves well advised to retouch and reduce Chopin's orchestration, which Berlioz found "cold and almost superfluous". This practice was however abandoned in the middle of the 20th century. Despite its numbering, the Op. 11 was composed in the summer of 1830, several months after the Concerto in F minor (Op. 21). The latter was however published later, which explains the current numbering. The Concerto in E minor was first played by Chopin at his farewell concert in Warsaw on 11 October 1830 and was published three years later. Chopin dedicated it to Friedrich Kalkbrenner, a pianist and teacher he held in high esteem.
Nine years separate the first of Schumann's four symphonies - composed in 1841 shortly after the composer's marriage - and the final "Rhenisch" symphony (1850), which is wrongly referred to as Symphony No. 3. The Symphony Op. 61 (1845) is actually the last symphony Schumann composed. In his correspondence, Schumann acknowledged the fact that he wrote the work at a time when he was suffering from the first signs of his mental illness. Dedicated to Oscar I, King of Sweden, the Symphony No. 2 was premiered on 5th November 1846 in Leipzig, with Mendelssohn conducting the Gewandhaus Orchestra. This Symphony in C major is a testimony of self-conquest and delivers a feeling of hard-won affirmation and triumph. The composer later wrote to a musical colleague: "Only in the final movement did I begin to feel my old self again, but it was after I had completed the whole work that I really felt any better. Otherwise, as I say, it reminds me of a black period." The second part of the last movement picks up the brass theme already presented in the initial Allegro and which appears several times in the course the symphony, like a solemn landmark. The Scherzo is interrupted by two trios, the first graceful and carefree, the second more lyrical, with an almost chamber music character. The Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet described the melancholic Adagio in C minor as "one of the most beautiful melodies ever written by a symphonist".

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Good to know

Born in London to Italian parents, Sir Antonio Pappano studied the piano, composition and conducting in the United States. His international career began at Den Norske Opera (Oslo), where he was appointed Music Director in 1990. He then held the same position at the Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels (1991-2002), while making his debut at the Vienna Opera (1993), the Metropolitan Opera in New York (1997) and the Bayreuth Festival (1999). In 2002, Sir Antonio Pappano took up position as Musical Director of Covent Garden in London, before being appointed three years later as chief conductor of the Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia. Sir Antonio Pappano was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 2012 and received the Royal Philharmonic Society Gold Medal in 2015. His extensive discography is devoted to both the symphony and opera repertoire and has earned him many awards, including a Grammy Award (2016) for the "Joyce and Tony" album he recorded with mezzo Joyce DiDonato.

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