Darius Milhaud is one of the 20th century's most productive and versatile composers. This "Frenchman from Provence and of Israelite religion", as he defined himself, left few music genres untouched. With baffling ease, he wrote operas and film music, twelve symphonies and a wide variety of choral works, chamber music and specifically Jewish pieces, not to mention a large number of "titled compositions" that widely established the reputation of this composer who finished his life in Geneva. La Création du monde (The Creation of the World) belongs to the last category of compositions. It reveals Milhaud's fascination for jazz music, which the composer first discovered in London and got to know better during his 1922 trip to New York. Upon his return to France, Milhaud was inspired to write a ballet score that references the African creation myths he found in Blaise Cendrar's Anthologie nègre. "La Création du monde emerges not as a flirtation, but as a real love affair with jazz" summarised Leonard Bernstein. Jean Börlin's Ballets Suédois premiered the piece in Paris on 25 October 1923, in a setting designed by Fernand Léger. The ballet contains five parts that successively evoke the chaos before creation, the creation of plants and animals, the birth of the human couple, the desire of man and woman and finally the kiss, a beautiful conclusion that announces the spring of human life.